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Working 40+ hours per week can cause ‘masked’ hypertension, researchers warn

Health Industry Hub | January 8, 2020 |

According to a new study, workers who spend long hours in the office face an increased risk of high blood pressure due to job strain, a work stressor defined as a combination of high work demands and low decision-making authority.

The study results published in Hypertension suggest that long working hours are an independent risk factor for masked and sustained hypertension. Workplace strategies targeting long working hours could be effective in reducing the clinical and public health burden of hypertension.

The researchers collected medical data from over 3,500 white-collar employees and found that those who spent 49 or more hours in the office each week were 70% more likely to develop masked hypertension than those who worked fewer than 35 hours per week (prevalence ratio 49+=1.70 [95% CI, 1.09–2.64]).

These same individuals were also 66% more likely to show sustained hypertension-elevated blood pressure both in and out of clinical settings compared to their colleagues.

Meanwhile, workers who spent 41 to 48 hours in the office per week were 54% more likely to develop masked hypertension and 42% more likely to experience hypertension-elevated blood pressure than their peers.

Xavier Trudel, Assistant Professor at Laval University’s social and preventive medicine department and lead author of the study, warned against the dangers of having masked and sustained high blood pressure since both are purportedly associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease.

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“The observed associations accounted for job strain, a work stressor defined as a combination of high work demands and low decision-making authority. However, other related stressors might have an impact,” Trudel said. 

“Future research could examine whether family responsibilities – such as a worker’s number of children, household duties and childcare role – might interact with work circumstances to explain high blood pressure.”

Workers should therefore pay close attention to the number of hours they put in to ensure good health, Trudel and his team suggested.

“People should be aware that long work hours might affect their heart health, and if they’re working long hours, they should ask their doctors about checking their blood pressure over time with a wearable monitor,” Trudel said.

“Masked hypertension can affect someone for a long period of time and is associated, in the long term, with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease.”

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