Digital & Innovation

Artificial intelligence predicts risk for lung cancer from chest x-rays

Health Industry Hub | September 2, 2020 |
[Total: 1    Average: 5/5]

Digital & Innovation: A deep learning model, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), was more accurate than the current clinical standard at predicting a person’s 12-year risk of developing lung cancer.

The model’s predictions are based on chest radiograph images (CXRs) and basic demographic data (age, sex, and current smoking status) commonly available in electronic health records (EHRs). The findings are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Lung cancer screening with chest computed tomography (CT) scans can prevent lung cancer death. However, Medicare’s current standard to determine who is eligible for lung cancer screening CT misses most lung cancers. Furthermore, lung cancer screening participation is poor, with an estimated less than 5 percent of screening-eligible persons being screened.

Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital developed a convolutional neural network (CXR-LC) that predicts long-term incident lung cancer based on a chest x-ray image using 41,856 people from a large multicenter trial of lung cancer screening with chest x-rays (Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) cancer screening trial).

The final model was validated in 5,615 additional PLCO participants and 5,493 persons from a second trial, the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST). The deep learning model performed better than the Medicare lung cancer screening criteria, the current clinical standard, missing 31% fewer lung cancers while screening the same number of people.


About the author

About the author

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam luctus finibus scelerisque. Nunc bibendum ipsum sed augue fringilla fringilla. Nullam at consectetur leo. Praesent viverra rutrum porta. Quisque vitae mi vel purus vulputate tincidunt. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Suspendisse et mi quis nisi rhoncus feugiat at ac tellus. Sed aliquam sodales nulla ac auctor. Sed pretium lobortis purus accumsan ullamcorper. Phasellus sodales vel odio in lobortis. Duis maximus sagittis bibendum. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Nunc dictum tincidunt ipsum in vestibulum. Donec ut sem consectetur, aliquam quam vitae, pharetra orci. Nam egestas non velit eu rhoncus. Duis congue neque non lacus tincidunt porta. Vestibulum ultricies pulvinar sem, molestie congue dui aliquet non.
  • Ut imperdiet leo id lorem fermentum consectetur.
  • Ut vitae orci et dui varius tincidunt.
  • Ut id magna non libero vestibulum pharetra ac faucibus nulla.
Aliquam erat volutpat. Vestibulum vitae varius diam. Nulla eget congue ante. Nunc ullamcorper sagittis augue vel dictum. Mauris finibus nibh ut pulvinar auctor. Vestibulum ut faucibus nisi. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Quisque porta tortor ac justo malesuada elementum. Nulla tellus ante, cursus nec ex sit amet, suscipit bibendum arcu. Duis posuere orci dui, et mollis enim dictum at. Sed ullamcorper, sapien ut vulputate viverra, sem purus porttitor tellus, nec mattis mauris ligula sed risus. Nulla sagittis id ipsum eu mattis. Link to full profile

News & Trends - Medical Technology

MedTech News - Sustained COVID-19 impact on cancer services and procedures

Sustained COVID-19 impact on cancer services and procedures

Health Industry Hub | January 15, 2021 |

MedTech News: Cancer Australia has released the latest in a series of reports analysing for the first time the significance […]

More


News & Trends - Medical Technology

MedTech News - Healthscope hospital leading in high-tech medical surgery

Healthscope hospital leading in high-tech medical surgery

Health Industry Hub | January 15, 2021 |

MedTech News: Healthscope’s Knox Private Hospital recently celebrated two key milestones, underscoring its reputation as a leading proponent of high-tech […]

More


News & Trends - Pharmaceuticals

Pharma News - Experts comment on AstraZeneca vaccine efficacy concerns

Experts comment on AstraZeneca vaccine efficacy concerns

Health Industry Hub | January 15, 2021 |

Pharma News: In light of the comments made regarding AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine efficacy by the Australian and New Zealand Society […]

More


Communication

Communication Pharma Biotech Medtech - Secrets of persuasion to influence anyone

Secrets of persuasion to influence anyone

Health Industry Hub | January 15, 2021 |

To understand the art of persuasion, you can turn to cognitive science for guidance in dealing with the unconscious mind. […]

More