News & Trends - Pharmaceuticals

TGA approves first Australian commercial CAR-T manufacturing site

Health Industry Hub | February 12, 2021 |
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Pharma News: Novartis today announced that its CAR-T therapy, Kymriah (tisagenlecleucel), will now be manufactured right here in Australia. This will bring faster access to treatment for eligible Australians with life-threatening blood cancers.

The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) has now granted approval for Cell Therapies Pty Ltd to commence commercial manufacturing of Kymriah, a chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) one-time treatment, in its manufacturing facility in the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre in Melbourne.
The approval makes Cell Therapies the first and only approved commercial manufacturing site for CAR-T in Australia for both clinical trial and non-clinical trial patients.

Kymriah was the first CAR-T to be approved by the TGA and publicly funded in Australia, for the treatment of eligible adult patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL (diffuse large B cell lymphoma)and eligible paediatric and young adult patients up to 25 years of age with relapsed or refractory ALL (acute lymphoblastic leukaemia).

“Novartis is extremely proud to have secured the approval for local manufacturing of Kymriah, which represents a substantial achievement for the clinical and patient community,” said Cheryl Maley, General Manager Oncology, Novartis ANZ. “Australia now becomes one of the select countries in the world to locally manufacture CAR-T, demonstrating the advanced medical manufacturing capabilities we have here.”

“This important milestone is good news for patients, the clinical community and the economy,” said Associate Professor Dominic Wall, Executive Director of Business Ventures at Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre and Interim Chief Executive Officer at Cell Therapies “We anticipate this announcement will provide a significant economic boost through the creation of new highly-skilled jobs, now and into the future.”

The Kymriah manufacturing process is highly complex and requires a number of carefully performed steps. The patient’s cells are first extracted then reprogrammed in the manufacturing facility and returned as a personalised, one-time treatment for infusion back into the patient.
Until now this advanced manufacturing process was conducted either in the Novartis Morris Plains facility in New Jersey, USA, or other approved overseas facilities.

“The manufacturing process for Kymriah requires an extraordinary amount of testing and quality control to ensure the reprogrammed cells created are compliant with the Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) standards. Our manufacturing set-up has been highly collaborative and successfully executed despite the challenges of COVID-19,” added Associate Professor Wall.

“Local manufacturing means patients’ cells can stay here in Australia without the need to ship them overseas, generating greater efficiencies and an expectation of quicker timelines tor eligible patients to access Kymriah,” said Professor Simon Harrison, Director of the Centre of Excellence in Cellular Immunotherapy at the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre.

Dr Katie Allen MP, Federal member for Higgins, stated “I am delighted that the Federal Government funding of $80million provided to Cell Therapies in 2019, has had such a profound impact on the scientific and patient community. Seeing this important step today in building local manufacturing capabilities that not only will provide life changing therapies for Australians with cancer but also create numerous highly skilled jobs, reinforces the significance of this important Government investment.”

Novartis has the largest geographical CAR-T manufacturing network in the world, including seven CAR-T manufacturing facilities, across four continents. This comprehensive, integrated footprint strengthens the flexibility, resilience and sustainability of the Novartis manufacturing and supply chain.

Cell Therapies is an Australian-based, globally-active commercial manufacturing organisation, specialising in cell therapy, gene therapy, regenerative medicine, and cellular immunotherapy products.
To date, over 100 Australians have now been treated with Novartis CAR-T across clinical trials and commercially available therapy in seven treatment sites spanning Victoria, New South Wales, and Queensland and Western Australia.

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